45 Emerson Plaza East #102, Emerson, NJ 07630

BACK PAIN

INTRODUCTION

The human back consists of a complicated structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones that work mutually to support the body and empower us to move. Therefore, Back pain is one of the leading causes of disability around the world, and according to the research, around 31 million Americans experience low back pain each year.

Globally, Back pain is one of the main issues that is preventing many people from taking up work and doing other essential daily activities. Back pain - may affect the upper, middle, or lower part of the spine. Back pain is usually seen as down-to-earth and often ignored by patients and doctors. Back pain is something you should not regularly meet.

At Emerson Physical Therapy and Rehab Center, we offer non-surgical options for effective and safe treatment of back pain. You will receive an individual treatment plan that aims to return you to the level of activity and lifestyle you are used to without having to cope with back pain. We will show you how to get rid of the pain, fix the cause, and eliminate the symptoms.

We at Emerson Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Center provides a particular, individualized, and holistic method that helps to diagnose the exact cause of pain and helps to treat it forever.

DEFINITION

Back pain is a symptom and discomfort of pain in the upper, middle, and lower spine - around the muscles and ligaments. Lower back pain may be associated with the lumbar spine, the discs between the vertebrae, ligaments nearby the spine and discs, the spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, internal organs of the abdomen and pelvis, and the skin around the lumbar region.

This may be due to injuries, activity, and some diseases. The back pain can affect people of all ages, for various reasons. With age, people increase the chance of developing lower back pain due to factors such as the previous profession and degenerative disc disease.

Back pain can start as high as the lower part of the neck and reach up to the pelvis and the sacrum.

SYMPTOMS

The main symptom of back pain is ache or pain anywhere on the back, and sometimes up to the buttocks and legs. Some back problems can cause pain in other parts of the body, depending on the nerves affected.

Back pain depends on the area and structures that have been irritated and affected the brain. At Emerson Physical Therapy & Rehab Center, we believe that back pain is due to lack of function. Back pain can be painful, dull, and sometimes even cause radiation and anxiety associated. Sometimes back pain can cause numbness and tingle in the leg - in this case, medical assistance is required. The pain often vanishes without treatment.

CAUSES

The human back consists of a complicated structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, discs, & bones that work collectively to support the body and enable us to move. There are, however, many different causes of back pain. This may be due to a functional or structural disorder; for example, muscle spasms, vertebral misalignment, muscle weakness, core instability, arthritis, disc protrusion, disc herniation and many other problems that Emerson Physical Therapy & Rehab Center doctors will prove during the initial examination. Other reasons include:

  • Developmental dysfunctions
  • Developmental imbalance with muscles
  • Muscular strains
  • Ligamentous sprains
  • Poor motor control in the thoracic and lumbar spine
  • Lack of function and strength with core stability
  • Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
  • Lumbo pelvic/hip dysfunction
  • Disk Bulge/Protrusion
  • Not deep breathing system activation or function
  • Trauma
  • Stress
  • Poor motor engram functionality
  • Poor posture
  • Poor foot stability and balance

DIAGNOSIS

At the Emerson Physical Therapy and Rehab Center, the doctor will diagnose back pain later by asking about symptoms & carrying out a physical examination. The patient may be asked a few other questions, including duration of pain and its severity. The cause of back pain will be determined at this point; however, diagnostic ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging is also very accurate and preferred in determining the stage and extent of back pain - they will be performed if necessary.

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS:

  • Thoracic/ Lumbar Strain/Strain
  • Scoliosis
  • Nerve Impingement/Entrapment (Radiculopathy)
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Arthritis
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • acroiliac Joint Dysfunction
  • Piriformis Syndrome
  • Sciatica
  • Post-Surgical Rehabilitation
  • Facet Syndrome
  • Disk Herniation
  • Lumbar Stenosis
  • Pre and Post Pregnancy Pain and Discomfort

TREATMENT

At EPT&Rehab we have extensive experience treating back pain. Based on a functional evaluation we create an individual treatment plan. Treatment options may vary depending on the type and stage of the pain. Treatment will be a combination of manual therapy, and physical therapy exercises. We use our expertise in manual medicine and rehabilitation to retrain symmetrical weight bearing and equalize weight shifting to help reduce pressure and decrease hypertonicity in back muscles.